Painful Sex – Most common reasons why it happens

Sex feels good, that’s why we keep having it. But what happens when the feeling of pleasure is replaced by pain? Statistics show that about 30% of women feel pain during sex, condition known by medical dictionary as dyspareunia. Considering that painful sexual intercourse is not rare, it should definitely be talked about more often. In this article, we will discuss more common causes of painful sex, as well as possible solutions.

Vaginal dryness

Vaginal dryness is most commonly caused by lack of arousal, but certain medicaments, including antidepressants, allergy and cold meds, and contraceptives, may also stop your juices from flowing. Women breastfeeding or in menopause also experience vaginal dryness.

Solution: Vaginal dryness can be resolved by longer foreplay or using lubricants.

Yeast infection

Yeast infection or vaginal candidiasis are very common, and approximately three out of four women get at least one yeast infection during their lifetime. Vaginal candidiasis causes swelling and pain, so until end of its treatment sex is not recommended, also because there is a possibility of passing it to your partner’s mouth or genitals. Symptoms of yeast infection may resemble to bacterial vaginosis or some STDs.

Solution: Seeing a doctor is recommended, especially since the symptoms may be confused with certain STDs. In case of yeast infection, doctor may prescribe you an antifungal medication.


Endometriosis is a disorder where endometrial tissue lines outside of the uterus, and causes pelvic pain. Except painful sex, endometriosis also may cause heavy and painful periods.

Solution: Following medical diagnosis, doctor may prescribe you pain killers and hormonal therapy. In severe cases surgery may be needed.

Sexually transmitted infection

Many STIs remain asymptomatic, but sometimes one of the signs is painful sex. Some STIs, such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea, cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which may also be the cause of pain in the lower abdomen and pelvis during penetration.

Solution: It is important to get tested for STIs in order to have a proper diagnosis. In case of positive results, it is important to refer to your doctor for appropriate treatment, as well as to refer your partner to doctor to get needed treatment.